Indigenous food, or food native to an area will always be more adapted to thrive in this environment and so will require less energy to grow. It makes them the perfect plant to choose in Permaculture. Australia has a diverse selection of bushfoods or bushtuckers to choose from depending on the climate and conditions. I prepared a list of Australian bushtuckers for the sub-tropics organised by size to help you add them to your garden and table. .
Succulent, ground cover, full sun, drought and salt tolerant
Edible raw with a salty strawberry flavour
Annual ground cover, drought and salt tolerant, sun and shade tolerent
Edible leaf, must be boiled
Fruit edible raw
Hardy rockery plant
You can find a variety for almost any weather in Australia
Usually prickly, Full sun
Aromatic leaves for tea and spice
Small to Medium trees
Aromatic leaves with aniseed flavour
Used in teas
Sour fruit, makes delicious jams, pickle, ice cream, wine…
Prickly, like partial shade
Red, green or purple fruit also called lemon caviar. It is my favourite bushtuckers, the texture is very surprising and each color have a specific taste.
Aromatic leaves used in teas, sauces and cosmetics
fruit edible raw
Medium to large trees
Zig Zag VineFruit edible raw
Fast- growing pioneers trees, nitrogen fixers, will protect your fruit trees while small and improve the soil
So when adding the details to your Permaculture design in Australia, think about using some of these bushtuckers. They will be easier to grow. Some will adapt to tricky corners of your garden (try the Warrigal green in the shadiest part of your garden where nothing grows). Finally your taste buds will have a little adventure.